students will be able to quote accurately from a text when explaining what the text says explicityly and when drawing inferences from the text.
When reading literature or non-fiction, if an answer to a question is found directly in the text it is an explicit detail.
Often, the author does not explicitly tell us every detail in a text, so we must make inferences.
An inference is when a reader uses details from the story and background knowledge they have on the topic to draw a conclusion.
Ace constructed response strategy
The ACE strategy helps students practice answering a question, citing text evidence , as well as explain why their evidence supports their answer. When initially starting with this strategy, students will use sentence frames to help guide their thinking and when students become better at citing text evidence and justifying their selection of specific evidence, these sentence frames are taken away.
Videos on inferences and explicit details
Click on the image to go to a web-based game that allows you to practice making inferences.
Click here for an article explaining how parents can further help their children understand inferences.